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ALZHEIMER’S
What is Alzheimer’s?
Alzheimer’s is a progressive brain disorder that gradually destroys memory and ability to learn, reason, make judgments, communicate and carry out daily activities. As this disease progresses, persons may experience personality changes, and axiety, agitation as well as hallucinations. Alzheimer’s is the most common form of dementia.

AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS
What is ALS?
ALS is sometimes referred to a "Lou Gehrig’s Disease. It is a progressive, fatal, neurodegenerative disease caused by the degeneration of motor neurons. It is also marked by gradual degeneration of nerve cells in the central nervous system that control voluntary muscle movement. The disease causes muscle weakness and atrophy throughout the body. This disease does not necessarily debilitate the patient’s mental functions in the same way Alzheimer’s. Instead, those suffering from advanced stages of ALS may retain memories, personality and intelligence they had before the onset.

What is Carpal Tunnel?
Carpal Tunnel Syndromeis a condition caused by compression of the median nerve in the carpal tunnel and characterized by weakness, pain and disturbance of sensation in the hand or fingers. It also affects the nerve that supplies feeling and movement to the thumb and "thumb-side” of hand. CTS has become more frequently recognized and may be occurring more often than before. It may result from repeated motion such as typing. 
Other causes are pregnancy, Pre-Menstrual Syndrome (PMS), Menopause, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Renal failure, Diabetes, Hypothroidism, Obesity, Tuberculosis, high blood pressure and Fungal infections.

 
DIZZINESS AND BALANCE DISORDERS
What is Dizziness?

Dizziness: Lightheadedness and Vertigo

Dizziness is a word that is often used to describe two different feelings. It is important to know exactly what you mean when you say "I feel dizzy" because it can help you and your health professional narrow down the list of possible problems.
  • Lightheadedness is a feeling that you are about to faint or "pass out." Although you may feel dizzy, you do not feel as though you or your surroundings are moving. Lightheadedness often goes away or improves when you lie down. If lightheadedness gets worse, it can lead to a feeling of almost fainting or a fainting spell (syncope). You may sometimes feel nauseated or vomit when you are lightheaded.
  • Vertigo is a feeling that you or your surroundings are moving when there is no actual movement. You may feel as though you are spinning, whirling, falling, or tilting. When you have severe vertigo, you may feel very nauseated or vomit. You may have trouble walking or standing, and you may lose your balance and fall.

EPILEPSY
What is Epilepsy?
Epilepsy is a neurological condition, which affects the nervous system. Epilepsy is also known as a seizure disorder. It is usually diagnosed after a person has had at least two seizures that were not caused by some known medical condition. The seizure in epilepsy may be related to a brain injury or a family tendency, but most of the time the cause is unknown.

MIGRAINE
What is a Migraine? 
A migraine is a very painful headache. People who experience a migraine often describe the pain as a pulsing in one area of the head. During migraines people are very sensitive to light or sound. Some people complain of seeing lights or zigzag lines or temporarily lose their vision.
Things that trigger a Migraine include Anxiety, Stress, Lack of food/sleep, Hormonal changes (in women).

MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
What is Multiple Sclerosis?
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, long-term condition that affects the central nervous system. MS is an autoimmune disease, which means that the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks itself.
Numerous studies show that genetics play a role in the development of MS. Evidence also suggests environmental factors and infectious agents such as viruses and bacteria have also proposed as triggers.

MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY
What is Muscular Dystrophy?
Muscular Dystrophy refers to a group of genetic, hereditary muscle diseases that causes progressive muscle weakness. Muscular Dystrophies are characterized by progressive skeletal muscle weakness, defects in muscle proteins, and death of muscle cells and tissue. There are many forms of Muscular Dystrophy. These conditions are inherited, and the different muscular dystrophies follow various inheritance patterns. There is no known cure for Muscular Dystrophy. Inactivity (such as bed-rest and even long periods of sitting) can worsen this disease.

MYOPATHIES
What are Myopathies?
Myopathy simply means Muscle Disease. Myopathies are neuromuscular disorders affect the muscles connected to bones such as biceps and quadriceps. They can be caused by inherited genetic defects, endocrine inflammatory and metabolic disorders. Nearly all Myopathies produce weakening and atrophy of skeletal muscles, especially those closest to the center body. The muscles in the hands and feet are generally less affected. 
Myopathies are grouped as Congenital, Muscular Dystrophies, Mitochrondrail, Glycogen Storage Diseases of Muscle, Mypglobinurias, Deratomyositis, Myositis Ossificians, Familiar Periodic Paralysis, Polymyositis, Neuromyotonia, Siff-Man Syndrome, Tetany, and common muscle cramps and stiffness.

NEURO-OPHTHALMOLOGY
What is Neuro-Opthalmology?
Neuro-ophthalmology is the treatment of eye movement and vision problems related to nervous system disorders. Symptoms can include blurred vision, double vision, asymmetrical pupils, eyelids or facial contractures, eye or head pain and unexplained vision loss. Neuro-ophthalmic diseases cover a wide range of conditions. For some diagnosis simply monitoring the disease progression is the best course of action.
 
PERIPHERAL POLYNEUROPATHY
What is Peripheral Polyneuropathy?
Peripheral Polyneuropathy is a loss of function in the nerves that branch from the brain and spinal cord. It occurs when the peripheral nerves are damaged. It can be caused from pressure on the nerve caused from injury such as bone fracture, direct injury to nerve, entrapment of the nerve, (such as Carpal Tunnel), or staying to long in one position. It can be broadly characterized by the type of nerve that has been damaged. The peripheral nervous system is made up of 3 types of nerves.
  • Motor Nerves (voluntary movement)
  • Sensory Nerves (sensing temperature, pain, touch and limb positioning)
  • Autonomic Nerves (involuntary movements such as breathing, blood pressure, and digestion)

SLEEP DISORDER
What is a sleep disorder?
A Sleep Disorder is a disorder in sleep patterns of a person. Some sleep disorders can interfere with mental and emotional function. Some common Sleep Disorders are Narcolepsy, Parasomnias, Rapid eye movement, Restless leg syndrome and Sleep Apnea.